Apron: the section of leather on the upper sitting inside a seam on the vamp

Bar shoe: shoe with instep strap

T Bar shoe: shoe with instep strap connected to vamp by vertical strap

Back quarter: part of shoe that cups the back of your heel. Can be referred to as inside or outside back quarter

Bottom: comprises sole, insole and heel

Brogue: closed laced shoe made from many stitched sections, now often associated with decoration around the edges of these cut pieces comprising of punched holes of varying sizes

Calf leather: leather from cows

Channel: row of holes that stitching follows

Clog: Shoe with wooden or faux wooden bottom

Closed seam: two upper sections sewn together and then flattened

Counter: stiffener in back of shoe to give heel area it's shape and fit. Often referred to as back counter. Back counter lining is ofen of a material that will improve grip.

D'orsay: a shoe where sides are cut away leaving a solid front and back.

Eyelet: small hole, often with a metal trim, of varying dimensions through which laces are looped

Facings: the area of the upper where fastenings are placed

Forepart: the front section of a shoe

Grading: the process of sizing a last and heel from one size to encompass all the sizes being offered on a particular last and heel and a particular pattern.

Grommet: another word for added lace ends (metal etc)

Heel: can be flat or raised but the area under the heel of your foot

Insole: a layer of material between the sole (outsole) and lining. Sometimes this is covered by the sock (see below) and sometimes it is covered and exposed by a cut-away sock. Can be cushioned for comfort

Instep: generally refers to the raised area on the inside bottom of your foot

Kid leather: leather from goats

Last: wooden or metal shoe-shaped form around which shoe is constructed. It determines the shape and height of your shoe.

Lift: usually refers to the height a heel gives you

Lining: material that sits next to your foot insde the shoe. The term sometimes includes the sock but more properly excludes the sock. Absorbs moisture and decorates.

Moccasin: tubular upper with sole stitched on the bottom. Uppers are generally not tubular and are stitched at the sides to the sole. because true moccassin consturctions use a lot of leather, and this is expensive, many moccassin look shoes are made without the tubular construction. True moccassin constructions are considered to be very comfortable.

Monk shoe: tends to be used on men's or mannish women's shoes - a single strap that goes across the top fo the shoe and buckles down at one side.

Mule: shoe or sandal with open back. Sometimes referred to as a Slide.

Nubuck: Leather hide that has been buffed and looks like suede with a very smooth finish.

 

Outsole: sometimes referred to as sole. The very outermost layer of material on the bottom of the shoe.

Oxford: generally refers to a man's or mannish women's shoe where facings are integral to the upper and not separate.

Overlaid seam: where one piece of leather is laid over another and stitched

Patent leather: leather with a hard, glossy finish. Patent finish can also be applied to synthetic materials

Pattern: the pieces of the upper that when stitched together, create the style of the shoe. The shoe design.

Pitch: the angle created by the height of the heel and the front part of the shoe. The higher the heel, the higher the pitch.

Platform shoe: where a section has been added to the sole of a shoe create height. This can be exposed or hidden by the upper.

Quarters: the inside and outside side areas of the shoe. The inside quarter is the upper on the instep side of your foot. For example, inside zip would refer to a zip attachment that has been swen into the inside quarter of the shoe.Outsole: Sometimes referred to as sole. The very outermost layer of material on the bottom of the shoe.

Oxford: generally refers to a man's or mannish women's shoe where facings are integral to the upper and not separate.

Overlaid seam: where one piece of leather is laid over another and stitched

Patent leather: leather with a hard, glossy finish. Patent finish can also be applied to synthetic materials

Pattern: the pieces of the upper that when stitched together, create the style of the shoe. The shoe design.

Pitch: the angle created by the height of the heel and the front part of the shoe. The higher the heel, the higher the pitch.

Platform shoe: where a section has been added to the sole of a shoe create height. This can be exposed or hidden by the upper.

Sole: the section of the shoe that touches the ground. Sometimes called outsole

Stiletto: a particularly thin, high heel

Suede: buffed inner surface of a hide of leather

Throat: the opening of a shoe

Top piece: a molded piece of plastic or meatl that is attached to the very end of the heel to protect the heel from wear

Upper: everything on a shoe that is not the sole

Vamp: the front part of an upper

Waist: the section of sole beneath the instep. Usually the narrowest part of sole

Wedge: a heel that extends all the way to the forepart of a shoe. Can be with a platform